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Article Released Thu-27th-June-2013 07:50 GMT
Contact: Mikiko Tanifuji Institution: National Institute for Materials Science
 Can silver promote the colonization of bacteria on medical devices?

Biomaterials are increasingly replacing human organs and tissues and silver is added to reduce the adhesion of bacteria to biomaterials and prevent infections. However, a recent study by researchers in Portugal suggests that – in one material – increasing levels of silver may indirectly promote bacterial adhesion.

Figure
Figure: SEM micrographs of S. epidermidis IE186 adhered to Ag-TiCN coatings after 2 h and 24 h period of contact: adhesion and biofilm formation to Ag/Ti = 0 a1) and a2) respectively; to Ag/Ti = 0.37 b1) and b2) respectively; to Ag/Ti = 0.62 c1) and c2) respectively. (C) I. Carvalho et al. Sci.
Biomaterials are increasingly being used to replace human organs and tissues. Since biomaterials are susceptible to microbial colonization, silver is often added to reduce the adhesion of bacteria to biomaterials and prevent infections. However, a recent study by researchers in Portugal suggests that – in one material – increasing levels of silver may indirectly promote bacterial adhesion.

Published in the journal Science and Technology of Advanced Materials[1] (http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1468-6996/14/3/035009), the study examined how surface properties affect the adhesion of Staphylococcus epidermidis bacteria to silver-titanium carbonitride (Ag-TiCN) coatings used for hip implant applications.

Normally found on human skin and mucous membranes, Staphyloccus epidermidis is one of the main pathogens associated with prosthetic device infections. A nanocomposite thin film, titanium carbonitride is non-toxic to human cells and features excellent wear resistance, high hardness and good corrosion resistance.

Previous studies have shown that the adhesion of bacteria to biomaterials can be affected by the surface properties of bacteria, the surface properties of the material, and environmental conditions. In this study, Isabel Carvalho and her colleagues found that as the silver content of Ag-TiCN films increased from 0 to 15 percent, the surface roughness of the films decreased from 39 nm to 7 nm, while the hydrophobicity of the surface increased.

In addition, the study found that surfaces that were less rough and more hydrophobic were associated with greater bacterial adhesion. This suggests that increasing levels of silver in Ag-TiCN thin films may promote bacterial adhesion via a hydrophobic effect.

References and related websites

For more information about this research, please contact:

[1] Isabel Carvalho, Mariana Henriques, João Carlos Oliveira, Cristiana Filipa Almeida Alves, Ana Paula Piedade and Sandra Carvalho: Science and Technology of Advanced Materials Vol. 14 (2013) p. 035009. DOI: 10.1088/1468-6996/14/3/035009

Corresponding author: Isabel Soares Carvalho
GRF-CFUM, University of Minho, Campus of Azurém, 4800-058 Guimarães, Portugal

--------------------------------
Media contacts:

Mikiko Tanifuji
National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan
Email: stam_office@nims.go.jp
Tel. +81-(0)29-859-2494

Associated links

Associated files available for download

Download IconView/download the file 'STAM-PressRelease2013Jun_Bacteria_DrCarvalho.pdf.

Journal information

[1] Isabel Carvalho, Mariana Henriques, João Carlos Oliveira, Cristiana Filipa Almeida Alves, Ana Paula Piedade and Sandra Carvalho: Science and Technology of Advanced Materials Vol. 14 (2013) p. 035009. DOI: 10.1088/1468-6996/14/3/035009

Keywords associated to this article: biomaterials, silver, bacteria
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